The project ClueE have studied the obstacles to and opportunities for energy efficiency in municipal residential areas from a social scientific perspective combined with technical and practical knowledge.

There are many obstacles to efficient energy use in the construction and residential sectors. Some of them are technical, but many are organisational, legal, financial, or entirely owing to a lack of knowledge and a comprehensive view.

To broaden understanding of these obstacles (and opportunities), the ClueE (Collaborative Learning for Urban Energy Efficiency) project integrated five critical perspectives concerning energy efficiency in order to produce new knowledge of procedures, consideration, and experiences that make it possible for municipalities to go from ambitious energy efficiency goals to practical reality.

Our perspectives:

USER BEHAVIOUR — How do households view the opportunity for reduced energy use and how do they make their decisions?
FINANCES — Who benefits from energy efficiency in municipal residential areas, and who doesn´t?
LEGAL — How can the rules around public procurement promote energy efficiency and reduce municipal costs?
POLITICS — How does the decision-making process function during planning and implementation of energy-efficient new and rebuilt houses?
TECHNOLOGY — How can we make sure that the best possible techniques are put into practice, and how can they be used in new ways?

Case studies in Alingsås and Kungälv

The project was based on case studies in the municipalities of Kungälv and Alingsås. Joint planning and implementation of case studies by researchers from the various subject areas of the project helped us to constantly learn from each other and develop new knowledge together. Research groups collaborated on the case studies with municipal politicians and officials, for example planners and purchasers, construction companies, municipal energy and housing corporations, and tenants.


See the projects publications and files below. 

Report: Minska 50 till 2050 - Nya perspektiv på energieffektivisering av allmännyttans miljonprogramsbostäder (in Swedish)

The results have contributed to the project ELSA – Energilots för smartare allmännytta led by RISE  Research Institute of Sweden

Anders Sandoff held a two day training for www.BEBOstad.se and for SABO/SKL 

The book Urban Väldfärd – Effektiv energy is used as course literature in the course Hållbar utveckling i städer och regioner, 7.5 hp, University of Gothenburg 



Thynell, Marie, 2015, ’Framgångsrik energieffektivisering börjar och slutar med samverkan’ ur Gränsöverskridande stadsforskning – erfarenheter från sex hållbarhetsprojekt eds B. Olofsdotter, K. Björnberg och B. Kopp. Utgiven av FORMAS
Type: Report/Paper/Working paper/Brief
Y, Norén Bretzer. (red) Urban Välfärd, Effektiv energi. Boréa Förlag 2016.
Type: Book
Norén Bretzer, Y. & Thynell, M. (2012). Tenant views on energy efficiency in renovated homes: tales from Brogården and Gårdsten. Conference paper presented at the Nordic Environmental Social Science Conference 2013: Welcome to the Anthropocene!, University of Copenhagen. Copenhagen, Denmark, 11-13 June 2012.
Type: Conference paper (peer-reviewed)
Langlet, D. Norén Bretzer, Y., Sandoff, A. & Thynell, M. In European Network for Housing Research Conference Beyond Globalisation: Remaking housing policy in a complex world. Book of Abstracts, the European Network for Housing Research, 2014, p. 166
Type: Conference paper (peer-reviewed)
Norén Bretzer, Y. (ed.). (2013). Elda inte för kråkorna. Fem forskningsperspektiv: om varför det går så långsamt att energieffektivisera i svenska miljonprogramsområden? Kort sammanfattning. Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
Type: Report/Paper/Working paper/Brief


  • Flyer Urban Välfärd - Effektiv energi
  • Minska 50 till 2050
  • Preliminär slutrapport: Elda inte för kråkorna
  • Presentationer Slutkonferens 20 mars 2013
  • Presenatation av ClueE för IIASA dec 2012