Valuation of ecosystem services provided by urban greenery
Urbanization and densification of Swedish cities during the last decades has led to a decrease of greenery in our cities. Despite the importance of greenery for a good, environmentally sustainable urban living, it may easily draw the short straw when cities are densified or transportation infrastructure is rebuilt. The project will therefore study the spatial distribution of urban greenery in Gothenburg and highlight its value and ability to provide vital services in the city.
Integrating urban greenery into urban planning
Methods that make it possible to efficiently integrate urban greenery into urban planning and risk management will be developed within this project. The aim is to develop a method that will identify and provide an integrated assessment of ecosystem services provided by urban greenery. Strategies for how greenery can be used to promote sustainable urban development will also be developed
Quality of ecosystem services
The methods and strategies will be developed through assessing and evaluating the current quality of a number of ecosystem services provided by urban greenery, their development potential and examining how the ecosystem services interact. The ecosystems services that will be studied are: biodiversity, noise reduction, air soil and water management, climate regulation, recreation and well-being.
Urban greenery in Gothenburg
Seven green spaces in Gothenburg, Sweden will be used as case studies. Examples of green spaces include vegetation along rivers and roads, parks, gardens, and urban woodland. Read more about the case study areas here (only Swedish). Gothenburg is interesting due to its pressure to densify the city and its vulnerability to climate change (floods, heavy rains, landslides and heat waves). The methods used include spatial data analysis, field measurements, modeling, questionnaires, expert judgments and multi-criteria analysis (synthesis).
Research carried out
During spring and summer 2015 we have measured air pollutants and noise in different types of green spaces in Gothenburg, our case study areas. At the same time we continued to analyze all the data that was collected in 2014, both from measurements and the questionnaire sent out to residents near our case study areas. We are very grateful for all the answers from the residents who shared knowledge, thoughts and experiences of the urban greenery. The questionnaire together with the measurements will give an increased understanding of the importance of the greenery for residents in Gothenburg and will be invaluable to the research project.
- Metod för bedömning och värdering av ekosystemtjänster i staden (VEKST)Andersson-Sköld Y, Klingberg J, Gunnarsson B och Thorsson S (2018). Metod för bedömning och värdering av ekosystemtjänster i staden (VEKST), Handbok version 1.0. Göteborgs universitet, rapport C123, ISSN 1400-383X
- A framework for assessing urban greenery's effects and valuing its ecosystem servicesAndersson-Sköld Y., Klingberg J., Gunnarsson B., Cullinane K., Gustafsson I., Hedblom M., Knez I., Lindberg F., Ode Sang Å., Pleijel H., Thorsson P., Thorsson S., 2018. A framework for assessing urban greenery's effects and valuing its ecosystem services.
- Mapping leaf area of urban greenery using aerial LiDAR and ground-based measurements in Gothenburg, SwedenKlingberg J., Konarska J., Lindberg F., Johansson L., Thorsson S., 2017. Mapping leaf area of urban greenery using aerial LiDAR and ground-based measurements in Gothenburg, Sweden. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 26:31-40
- Influence of urban vegetation on air pollution and noise exposure – A case study in Gothenburg, Sweden.Klingberg J., Broberg M., Strandberg B., Thorsson P., Pleijel H., 2017. Influence of urban vegetation on air pollution and noise exposure – A case study in Gothenburg, Sweden. Science of the Total Environment 599-600:1728-1739
- Evaluation of natural sounds in urban greenery: potential impact for urban nature preservationHedblom, M., Knez, I., Ode Sang, Å., & Gunnarsson, B. (2017). Evaluation of natural sounds in urban greenery: potential impact for urban nature preservation. Royal Society Open Science, 4(2), 170037. doi:10.1098/rsos.170037
- Effects of biodiversity and environment-related attitude on perception of urban green spaceGunnarsson, B., Knez, I., Hedblom, M., & Sang, Å. O. (2016). Effects of biodiversity and environment-related attitude on perception of urban green space. Urban Ecosystems, 20(1), 37–49. doi:10.1007/s11252-016-0581-x
- The effects of naturalness, gender and age on how urban green space is perceived and usedOde Sang, Å., Knez, I., Gunnarsson, B., & Hedblom, M. (2016). The effects of naturalness, gender, and age on how urban green space is perceived and used. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 18, 268–276. doi:10.1016/j.ufug.2016.06.008
- Bumblebees in the city: abundance, species richness and diversity in two urban habitatsGunnarsson, B. & Federsel, L.M. Journal of Insect Conservation, vol. 18, 2014, pp. 1185-1191
- Limited effect of urban tree vegetation on NO2 and O3 concentrationsGrundström M. and Pleijel H., Environmental Pollution, vol. 189, 2014, pp. 73-76
- Infrastrukturnära vegetation i GöteborgLindberg F., Johansson L. & Thorsson S. (2013). Infrastrukturnära vegetation i Göteborg. (Rapport). Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg.
- Träden i staden: Användningen av LiDAR-data för att identifiera urban vegetationLindberg, F., Johansson, L. & Thorsson, S. Mistra Urban Futures Report 2013: 2. Gothenburg: Mistra Urban Futures, 2013
Project leader. Associate professor at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg.
Research interests include urban climate, focusing on measurements and modelling of micro-scale processes, air quality and human comfort in urban areas, as well as integration of climate knowledge in urban design and planning.Contact me
Project leader. Professor of Environmental Science at Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg.
The research interest is focused on urban biodiversity and its impact on various ecosystem services, e.g. the effects of different management regimes on ecosystem services in suburban woodlands.Contact me
Associate professor at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg
Has special interest in sustainability assessments including method development. In this project the aim is to assess how proposed urban greening planning strategies promotes sustainable urban development today and in a future climate based on interviews, workshops and the results from the field surveys in an iterative process.Contact me
PhD, Researcher and Analysist at the Swedish Agricultural University, Department of Forest resource management in Umeå and Department of Ecology in Uppsala.
Within this project he studies how the collection of biological data can support other ecosystem services that relates to e.g. well-being, noice reduction and air pollution. More specifically how the actual collection of the biological data can be used for monitoring of ecosystem services connected to the urban green.Contact me
PhD in Applied Environmental Science, Postdoc at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg
Research interests include the role of urban vegetation for climate regulation and air quality. The aim within this project is to measure leaf area of the city trees and relate it to a number of ecosystem services.Contact me
Professor of psychology at the Department of Social Work and Psychology, University of Gävle
In general, my research interests involve issues related to cognitive, emotion and environmental psychology. In this project my attention is focused on the links between the cultural ecosystem service of place-related identity and well-being, as related to urban green spaces.Contact me
PhD in Physical Geography at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg
Research interests are spatial modelling of urban climates focusing on the influence of buildings, vegetation and green spaces on human thermal comfort in urban areas as well as modelling of mean radiant temperature in complex urban settings.Contact me
Åsa Ode Sang
Associate professor at the Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural SciencesContact me
Professor in Environmental science at the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg
My research focus is plant-atmosphere interactions. In the project my task is to show how urban vegetation affects the occurrence of air pollutants and the urban local climate based on measurements and a literature review. The local climate effect by vegetation is related to the cooling effect from transpiration by urban trees.Contact me
PhD in acoustics, Division of Applied Acoustics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg
Research interests are the development of calculation models for sound generation and propagation outdoors from differens sound sources, e g road and railway traffic, wind turbines and general sound sources. In my research I also develop alternative measures that correlate well with the perception of the human ear and/or subjective annoyance.Contact me
Johan Uddling Fredin
Associate professor at the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg
My main research interest is to understand and predict how plants (in particular trees) respond to and interact with the atmosphere under different environmental conditions. In the present project, I study the transpiration of urban trees and its influence on the local energy balance and temperature.Contact me