Transport and Sustainable Urban Development
Transport and sustainable urban development is a comparative project that has been developed through collaborations between three projects and participants from Kisumu, Cape Town and Gothenburg interaction platforms. The collaboration has been developed through co-creation processes in form of workshops held in Gothenburg and Kisumu during 2017 and 2018. The project is based on the work that is already in process in the different cities and is based on a mutual knowledge exchange and production of knowledge on how the different context handle the question of transport and sustainable urban development in realising just cities.
The framework for the collaboration
In realising just cities, one key component is transport and transport planning for sustainable urban development, related to individual’s accessibility to different services within the cities. Seeing accessibility as a goal for realising just cities, transport and different forms of transport planning become key components in achieving this goal. Combining the transit-oriented development in Cape Town with the methodology of Urban Station Communities in Gothenburg and Kisumu can we rethink the way of we are planning and redeveloping urban stations and transport in cities? Related to following identified key challenges that are of importance for creating sustainable transport systems in the cities.
Attractive and sustainable city: Urban form and design
The rapidly urbanisation into cities creates multi-dimensional challenges in transport development and planning processes. One being how to plan for a sustainable transport system that is attractive, environmental friendly and at the same time for the communities and people living surrounding the urban stations? Creating the attractive city is also a question of inter-modality and understanding of each urban station node and how they are related to each other? At the same time how to integrate the innovative technologies into the planning processes?
Just issues: Gentrification and change of behaviour
How we plan for new urban station communities and transport nodes is a question of who are we planning for? Who will have access to the public transportation? In Cape Town and Kisumu public transportation is often related to poverty and lower standards of living whereas car ownership is often related to better living standards. Planning for a sustainable transport system in cities is a question of how we handle and change cultures that are related to certain norms and living standards.
Economical and financial issues
One of the key challenges of transport development and planning in many cities is the issue of land and ownership. How to fund different transport infrastructural projects is a crucial question for many cities? And at the same time find more sustainable financial systems for the building and maintenance of the infrastructure? Who owns the public transportation, the private or the public sector? The funding methods are very different in the different cities, what knowledge can be exchanged and implemented in different contexts? How create pricing systems for public transportation?
Participatory method and collaborations
Creating the attractive sustainable city means including and integrating different perspectives in the planning processes. Which is one of the challenges of transdisciplinary work; being able to step outside of our own disciplines and work transdisciplinary between different institutions and disciplines. And being able to include the communities in the early stages of planning processes. How to work and tackle the challenges around transdisciplinary work in the different context? What method are there and are they applicable in the different contexts and stations?
Politics, governance and institutional settings
Gaining political and governmental support for a more sustainable transport planning is crucial for how and what is possible for further development of urban station communities. The challenge is how to integrate and increase the collaboration between the local and regional scales, eg regional and national governmental processes?
Elma Durakovic is a platform coordinator at the Gothenburg Local Interaction Platform (GOLIP).Contact me
Anna Gustafsson works as a regional planner at the Gothenburg Region Association of Local Authorities
Dr Ulf Ranhagen, Professor emeritus from KTH in Stockholm, Adjunct Professor at Lulea University and Honoray Professor at Tongji University in Shanghai and Senior Chief Architect at SWECO in Stockholm. He was member of the Swedish Delegation of Sustainable Cities 2008-2012 and Mistra Urban Futures Board 2011-2013. At present he is chairman of ARKUS and board member of E2B2 and Richerts. During 2015 he will serve as senior advisor for the urban station community project.