Material-intensity database of residential buildings: A case-study of Sweden in the international context

Gontia, P., Nägeli, C., Rosado, L., Kalmykova, Y. & Österbring, M. (2017) Material-intensity database of residential buildings: A case-study of Sweden in the international context, Resources, Conservationa & Recycling 130 (2018) 228-239. Doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.11.022

Platform
Gothenburg
Publication type
Scientific article (peer-reviewed)
Journal
Resources, Conservation and Recycling
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.11.022
Author(s)
Paul Gontia Claudio Nägeli Leonardo Rosado Yuliya Kalmykova Magnus Österbring
Published year
Tags
built environment residential buildings material intensity coefficient material stock Sweden

 

Abstract

Material intensity coefficient (MIC) databases are crucial for bottom-up material stock studies. However, MIC
databases are site specific and not available in many countries. For this reason, a MIC database of residential
buildings in Sweden was created in this study. As these had not previously been explored, considerable attention
was paid to MIC database results, variables and limitations. Next, to contextualize the results, the database was
compared and discussed with other studies in other geographical scales and regions. The MIC database is based
on (1) specialized architectural-data and (2) densities of construction materials. The study looked at 46 typical
residential buildings in Sweden, 12 single-family (SF) and 34 multi-family (MF) structures, built within the time
period 1880–2010.
The results show specific trends for material intensity and composition, but also for the mass distribution of
different building elements. Additionally, it was shown that the number of floors and the footprint size of a
building have a considerable impact on the MICs, especially for buildings with a low number of floors, such as SF
structures. Furthermore, when compared to MIC databases from other countries, the study database, which
relates to Sweden, shows a higher intensity for wood and steel. Finally, contradictory MIC results for similar
geographical regions were highlighted and discussed. This showed that to achieve consistent standardized MIC
databases, further analysis of MIC databases for different geographical scales and regions are needed, and this is
therefore recommended.

 

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